Sandline International - 'Arms to Africa' Press

May 1998

The Sunday Times, 3 May 1998, Cook snared in arms for coup inquiry

The Sunday Telegraph, 3 May 1998, Foreign Office accused of aiding mercenaries

BBC, 3 May 1998, British Customs investigate Sierra Leone arms deal allegations

The Times, 4 May 1998, Cook faces Commons row over arms deal licences

The Times, 4 May 1998 (Opinion), Give a dog of war a bad name

The Telegraph, 4 May 1998, Cook launches inquiry into mercenaries claim

BBC, 4 May 1998, Gun-running investigation underway

The Times, 5 May 1998 (Leader), The case for a pragmatic assessment of mercenary forces

The Times, 5 May 1998, Internet peer stumbled upon arms deal

The Times, 6 May 1998, Officials failed to inform Cook of arms deal inquiry

The Telegraph, 6 May 1998, Ministers 'kept in the dark over arms to Africa inquiry'

BBC, 6 May 1998, British government denies planning to send arms to Sierra Leone

BBC, 6 May 1998, British government announces inquiry into arms-to-Sierra Leone

BBC, 6 May 1998, 'No whitewash' on Sierra Leone arms sales - Cook

The Times, 7 May 1998, Cook announces Sierra Leone arms inquiry

BBC, 7 May 1998, Sierra Leone arms probe criticised

BBC, 7 May 1998, British High Commissioner is a 'hero' in Sierra Leone

The Times, 8 May 1998, Pressure grows on arms-debacle MP

The Times, 8 May 1998 (Leader), The Foreign Secretary has rushed to judgment prematurely

The Times, 8 May 1998, Mandarins and ministers fall out over genesis of a coup

The Telegraph, 8 May 1998, Diamonds, diplomacy and dogs of war

BBC, 8 May 1998, UK Government 'approved Sierra Leone arms deal'

BBC, 8 May 1998, Sandline releases letter informing Cook of contacts with officials

The Times, 9 May 1998, Arms scandal engulfs Cook

The Times, 9 May 1998, Letter that sparked arms row

The Times, 9 May 1998 (Leader), How does one get through to Robin Cook?

The Times, 9 May 1998 (Letters), Credit owed to these 'dogs of war'

The Times, 9 May 1998, Secret armies, a force to be reckoned with

The Times, 9 May 1998, Unstable regimes provide main work

The Telegraph, 9 May 1998, Arms to Africa crisis for Cook

The Telegraph, 9 May, Navy repaired arms aid helicopter

BBC, 9 May 1998, 'I've nothing to hide,' says Cook

BBC, 9 May 1998, Ministers misled over arms affair, says peer

The Sunday Times, 10 May 1998, First proof of navy role in coup

The Sunday Times, 10 May 1998 (editorial), Full disclosure

The Sunday Times, 10 May 1998, Diamond dogs of war

The Sunday Telegraph, 10 May 1998, Cook and Foreign Office in civil war over Sierra Leone

CNN, 10 May 1998, Britain steps up defensive in Sierra Leone arms scandal

BBC, 10 May 1998, Further allegations in Sierra Leone arms row

BBC, 10 May 1998, Ambiguities surround arms-to-Africa row

BBC, 10 May 1998, Cook - 'I'll quit if proved wrong'

BBC, 10 May 1998, Arms-to-Africa affair dominates newspapers

The Times, 11 May 1998, Ministry denies Navy had role in toppling junta

The Times, 11 May 1998, Cook pledges to quit if inquiry implicates him

The Times, 11 May 1998, Milestones on road to Cabinet crisis

The Times, 11 May 1998, Dispute eroding Foreign Office morale

The Times, 11 May 1998, Investigation to focus on UN embargo law

The Times, 11 May 1998, Sierra Leone turns out to cheer British arms 'hero'

The Times, 11 May 1998, The answer to Sandline lies in the Foreign Secretary's red boxes

The Times, 11 May 1998 (Letters), Ethics concern on Sierra Leone affair

The Telegraph, 11 May 1998, My advice was sought, says colonel

The Telegraph, 11 May 1998, Cook's job on the line in arms row

The Guardian, 11 May 1998, 'New look' puts Cook on the spot

BBC, 11 May 1998, Tories turn up heat on Cook

BBC, 11 May 1998, Sierra Leone arms probe criticised

BBC, 11 May 1998, Sierra Leone says arms scandal 'exaggerated'

BBC, 11 May 1998, Arms row 'overblown' - PM

BBC, 11 May 1998, Sierra Leone - a turbulent history

The Times, 12 May 1998, Sandline briefing was sent to Cook

The Times, 12 May 1998 (Opinion), Law of the jungle

The Times, 12 May 1998, Blair changes tack on Sierra Leone affair

The Telegraph, 12 May 1998, Blair shrugs off 'hoo-ha' over arms

The Telegraph, 12 May 1998, 'We don't see what all the fuss is about'

The Telegraph, 12 May 1998, Diplomat who braved the riot and mayhem

CNN, 12 May 1998, British minister denies wrongdoing in Sierra Leone

BBC, 12 May 1998, Cook faces grilling

BBC, 12 May 1998, Cook retaliates in arms row

BBC, 12 May 1998, Cook escapes Commons mauling

The Times, 13 May 1998, Sandline affair riddled with contradictions

The Times, 13 May 1998 (Opinion), An awfully British coup

The Times, 13 May 1998 (Leader), Still the issue

The Times, 13 May 1998, Cook rejects charges of official 'shambles'

The Times, 13 May 1998, My team is in the clear, says Cook

The Times, 13 May 1998, Marines sough firm's advice

The Times, 13 May 1998, Kabbah denies Britain gave military support

The Times, 13 May 1998, Arms row threatens mop-up operation against junta marauders

The Telegraph, 13 May 1998, Cook tries to defuse arms row

The Telegraph, 13 May 1998, Freetown supports Blair's version of events

The Telegraph, 13 May 1998, Private armies are a far cry from the Sixties dogs of war

The Telegraph, 13 May 1998, Machete revenge of junta rebels on the rampage

BBC, 13 May 1998, Telegrams 'warned of embargo busters'

New York Times, 13 May 1998, US reportedly backed British mercenary group in Africa

The Times, 14 May 1998, Financier behind Sandline deal may name names

The Times, 14 May 1998, Diplomats in Africa may have broken embargo

The Times, 14 May 1998, 'Kingmaker' must watch from far away

The Telegraph, 14 May 1998, US says Sandline experts helped to overthrow rebels

The Telegraph, 14 May 1998, Cook faces committee clash

The Telegraph, 14 May 1998, Rally planned to support Penfold, the people's hero

BBC, 14 May 1998, Flak flies over arms row

BBC, 14 May 1998, British Foreign Office head rejects Sierra Leone allegations

BBC, 14 May 1998, Top diplomat retracts arms-to-Africa claims

The Times, 15 May 1998, Financier aimed to turn guns to gold / Steel backs mercenaries

The Times, 15 May 1998 (Letters), Arms affair reply from Sierra Leone

The Times, 15 May 1998, Foreign Office chief does U-turn in evidence to MPs

The Times, 15 May 1998, Fred the Fijian's Unkillables put junta on the run

The Telegraph, 15 May 1998, The mandarin who had a day to forget

The Telegraph, 15 May 1998, A Whitehall farce over Africa arms

The Telegraph, 15 May 1998, Peer claims that he warned minister of 'arms trade'

BBC, 15 May 1998, Sierra Leone says British mercenaries shipped arms too late

The Telegraph, 16 May 1998, Navy engineers kept Sandline helicopter flying

BBC, 16 May 1998, Huge rally to support British diplomat

BBC, 16 May 1998, Sierra Leoneans show support for British envoy

The Economist, 16 May 1998, A far-off country

The Economist, 16 May 1998, Ethics man

BBC, 17 May 1998, UK Customs silent over Sandline evidence

The Sunday Times, 17 May 1998, Arms to Africa, 'no prosecution'

The Sunday Times, 17 May 1998, Can Cook beat mercenaries?

The Sunday Times, 17 May 1998 (Editorial), Blair's Whitehall farce

The Sunday Times, 17 May 1998 (Opinion), Heath Robinson, our man at the FO

The Sunday Times, 17 May 1998, Our man in Sierra Leone is the people's hero

The Sunday Telegraph, 17 May 1998, Customs will drop arms to Africa case

The Times, 18 May 1998, Cook calls in QC for swift Africa arms inquiry

The Times, 18 May 1998 (Letters), 'Mealy-mouthed' over mercenaries (Lord Steel)

The Telegraph, 18 May 1998, Attorney-General to rule on Sandline prosecution in 48 hours

BBC, 18 May 1998, Sandline not to face prosecution

BBC, 18 May 1998, Cook defiant over arms-to-Africa row

BBC, 18 May 1998, UK Government faces Sierra Leone grilling

The Times, 19 May 1998, Customs will not prosecute Sandline over arms embargo

The Times, 19 May 1998, Private inquiry 'will raise fear of a whitewash'

The Times, 19 May 1998 (Opinion), Lines in the sand

The Times, 19 May 1998, Cutlass army terrorises Sierra Leone

The Telegraph, 19 May 1998, Arms trial ruled out as 'unfair'

The Telegraph, 19 May 1998, Cook beats off calls for public inquiry into arms

The Telegraph, 19 May 1998, Ousted rebels wage war of terror in Sierra Leone

The Times, 20 May 1998, Sandline chief insists he had official approval

The Times, 20 May 1998, Foreign Office 'was sent five reports'

The Telegraph, 20 May 1998, Spicer believed in 'honourable Whitehall staff'

BBC, 20 May 1998, Sandline boss says British knew of arms shipments

The Times, 21 May 1998, Diamond hunters seek jungle fortune

The Times, 22 May 1998, Warriors who defy death with 'magic mirror'

BBC, 22 May 1998, UK knew coup was planned

The Times, 23 May 1998, Sandline is given support by UN

The Sunday Times, 24 May 1998, Cook in new Sierra Leone row

The Sunday Telegraph, 24 May 1998, Madame Fortune favours Sierra Leone's irregulars

BBC, 24 May 1998, Doubts about British stance on Sierra Leone

The Times, 25 May 1998, Cook wants EU to be more open on arms sales

The Telegraph, 25 May 1998, FO studies UN arms ruling

Time magazine, 25 May 1998, Did the US put its foot down, then turn away?

The Times, 30 May 1998, Cook plans curbs on mercenaries

June 1998

BBC, 9 June 1998, Ministers in fresh turmoil over arms-to-Africa

BBC, 9 June 1998, Arms-to-Africa, 'Minister knew of Customs probe'

The Times, 10 June 1998, Minister accused of misleading Lords

The Telegraph, 10 June 1998, Minister was told of arms inquiry

The Telegraph, 10 June 1998, Table-thumping diplomat foxes Africa arms inquiry

BBC, 10 June 1998, Blair defends minister accused of misleading house

The Times, 11 June 1998, Symons will face MPs over arms-to-Africa allegations

The Times, 11 June 1998 (Opinion), Frank not frugal

The Telegraph, 11 June 1998, Blair backs minister in arms row

BBC, 14 June 1998, Hero's welcome for British diplomat

The Telegraph, 15 June 1998, Red tape to combat soldiers of fortune

BBC, 15 June 1998, Ministers stand firm in face of arms row

BBC, 15 June 1998, Symons justifies not revealing Sandline inquiry

The Times, 16 June 1998, Symons tells peers - I didn't mislead you

The Times, 16 June 1998, Freetown envoy gets a hero's welcome

The Telegraph, 16 June 1998, Cook refuses to hand over Sierra Leone telegrams

The Telegraph, 16 June 1998, Sierra Leone hails return of British official

BBC, 25 June 1998, Cook rapped by MPs over arms-to-Africa probe gag

BBC, 25 June 1998, New arms row over Cook's 'silence' order

BBC, 25 June 1998, Arms-to-Africa row escalates

The Times, 26 June 1998, Cook rebuked by MPs over Sandline papers

The Telegraph, 26 June 1998, Defiant Cook is rebuked by MPs

The Sunday Times, 28 June 1998, The heart of the matter

The Sunday Times, 28 June 1998, Cook's tour of the scandal zone

BBC, 29 June 1998, Government under pressure over arms row

BBC, 29 June 1998, Arms scandal, Tories step up the pressure

The Telegraph, 30 June 1998, Cook is offered deal on Africa telegrams

BBC, 30 June 1998, Cook challenges committee over inquiry

July 1998

New African magazine, July 1998, Sierra Leone, how the 'good guys' won

The Times, 1 July 1998, MPs defy Cook over inquiry into arms deal

The Times, 1 July 1998 (Leader), Westland revisited

The Telegraph, 1 July 1998, Inquiry MPs demand to see Cook

The Telegraph, 2 July 1998, Cook faces debate over 'gagging' arms affair MPs

The Times, 3 July 1998, Labour MPs plan arms case revolt

The Sunday Times, 5 July 1998, Ex-spy's link to arms deal turns heat on Cook

The Telegraph, 8 July 1998, Cook backs down over Sierra Leone papers

The Telegraph, 15 July 1998, Cook faces new row over arms-to-Africa

BBC, 16 July 1998, Cook insists no collusion in arms row

The Times, 17 July 1998, Cook hints at trouble for coup diplomat

The Telegraph, 17 July 1998, MPs insist on seeing Africa coup telegrams

BBC, 21 July 1998, MPs can block committee questioning

BBC, 25 July 1998, The key players

BBC, 25 July 1998, Q & A, Who knew what and when?

BBC, 25 July 1998, Is there room for ethics in foreign affairs?

The Sunday Times, 26 July 1998, Cook to shake up FO over Sandline

BBC, 26 July 1998, Foreign Office prepares for shake-up

The Times, 27 July, Cook to shake up Foreign Office after arms affair

The Telegraph, 27 July, Cook prepares to shake up Foreign Office

BBC, 27 July 1998, Ministers cleared of arms-to-Africa charges

BBC, 27 July 1998, 'Whitewash' fear over arms-to-Africa report

The Times, 28 July 1998, Bumbling FO failed to brief ministers fully

The Times, 28 July 1998 (Leader), Legg exposes an inadequate Foreign Office

The Times, 28 July 1998, Hero of Freetown 'made a scapegoat' to save Whitehall blushes

The Times, 28 July 1998, Cook sets up central sanctions desk to monitor embargoes

The Telegraph, 28 July 1998, Ministers criticised on weapons embargo

BBC, 28 July 1998, Cook wants no 'scapegoats' over arms-to-Africa

August to December 1998

The Economist, 1 August 1998, With one bound he was free

The Telegraph, 16 August 1998, Foreign Office cuts telegram link with past

The Sunday Times, 30 August 1998, African 'Goebbels' asks for asylum

The Times, 29 September 1998 (Leader), Rebels and Retribution

The Telegraph, 7 October 1998, MI6 chief in arms case inquiry

The Sunday Times, 11 October 1998, MI6 chief faces probe over arms for Africa

BBC, 3 November 1998, Arms-to-Africa row returns

BBC, 3 November 1998, Spicer, Officials knew about arms-to-Africa

BBC, 3 November 1998, Sierra Leone arms row denial

BBC, 3 November 1998, Arms-to-Africa, the repercussions

The Times, 4 November 1998, British envoy defends arms-to-Africa role about arms-to-Africa

The Telegraph, 4 November 1998, Arms-to-Africa envoy stands by his decision

The Sunday Times, 8 November 1998, Cook gags MI6 in arms probe

BBC, 10 November 1998, Officials 'set up' over arms-to-Africa

The Telegraph, 11 November 1998, Arms to Africa envoy a 'freelance'

BBC, 11 November 1998, Spicer calls Sierra Leone affair 'ethical'

BBC, 12 November 1998, Cook denies 'ethical foreign policy'

BBC, 17 November 1998, Foreign Office accused of total failure

BBC, 16 December 1998, Cook defends officials over arms-to-Africa

The Times, 17 December 1998, Cook lets fly at MPs over arms inquiry

The Telegraph, 17 December 1998, Cook taunts MPs over arms-to-Africa inquiry

January to December 1999

The Times, 6 January 1999, Cook cash for war on rebels in Sierra Leone

BBC, 7 January 1999, UK 'doing most' to help Kabbah

The Times, 9 January 1999, Problems mount in a week without respite

BBC, 11 January 1999, Sierra Leone and Britain, key dates

BBC, 12 January 1999, A muddled and brutal conflict

The Times, 13 January 1999, Freetown staff had 'a secret channel to Cook'

The Telegraph, 14 January 1999, Sandline 'should have been left to finish the job'

The Times, 21 January 1999, Freetown refugeees cheer return of Penfold

The Times, 22 January 1999 (Opinion), Send in the mercenaries, Mr Cook

The Sunday Telegraph, 24 January 1999, Interview, 'Judge me as the Foreign Secretary, not as a husband'

The Times, 26 January 1999, Mercenaries' rage kindled by atrocities

The Times, 26 January 1999 (Letters), Sierra Leone conflict - Tim Spicer

New York Times, 4 February 1999 (Opinion), Saving Sierra Leone, at a Price

The Times, 6 February 1999, MPs hail Sierra Leone coup hero

BBC, 9 February 1999, The key players in arms-to-Africa

BBC, 9 February 1999, Committee's conclusions on arms row

BBC, 9 February 1999, Arms report pulls no punches

BBC, 9 February 1999, Blair defends arms row officials

BBC, 9 February 1999, Penfold's pals vs Robin's reliants

The Times, 10 February 1999, Blair's attack on arms report shocks MPs

The Times, 10 February 1999, MPs condemn 'Yes Minister' contempt

The Times, 10 February 1999, Penfold did talk to London

The Times, 10 February 1999 (Leader), Pass the parcel

The Times, 10 February 1999 (Opinion), Fire, film - and forget

The Telegraph, 10 February 1999, Uproar as Blair sweeps aside MPs' attack on arms-to-Africa

The Telegraph, 10 February 1999, Rebuke for Cook over Sierra Leone

The Telegraph, 10 February 1999, The players

The Telegraph, 10 February 1999 (Leader), Trouble with Sierra Leone

The Telegraph, 10 February 1999 (Opinion), Cook this is no way to treat the servants

The Times, 13 February 1999, Bimba cartoon

The Sunday Times, 14 February 1999, Spicer seeks £1m from Foreign Office for arms-to-Africa 'ordeal'

BBC, 23 February 1999, Ministers drawn into Sandline leak row

The Times, 24 February 1999, MP quits over leak of report to Cook

The Telegraph, 24 February 1999, Arms-to-Africa leak MP quits

BBC, 24 February 1999, Leak row minister backed

BBC, 24 February 1999, 'No impropriety' over Sandline leak - Cook

The Times, 25 February 1999, Cook under fire over arms-to-Africa leak

The Times, 25 February 1999 (Leader), Selective memory

BBC, 25 February 1999, Cook under new attack over arms-to-Africa

The Times, 2 March 1999, Speaker prolongs Cook's woe

The Telegraph, 2 March 1999, Cook 'leak' inquiry call backed by Boothroyd

BBC, 2 March 1999, Agony words cannot describe

BBC, 2 March 1999, Cook faces leak inquiry

The Telegraph, 3 March 1999, Cook gives extra aid to stabilise West Africa

The Sunday Times, 7 March 1999, Cook 'used inquiry leak to save skin'

BBC, 31 March 1999, UK funds for Sierra Leone military

BBC, 13 May 1999, Arms to Africa row re-surfaces

The Times, 14 May 1999, Foreign Office 'farce' over Sierra Leone

The Telegraph, 14 May 1999, Sierra Leone, the fax that didn't fit

BBC, 30 June 1999, Leak MP faces suspension

The Times, 1 July 1999, Watchdog rebukes Cook over arms-to-Africa leak

The Telegraph, 1 July 1999, Cook's mole faces suspension for leak

The Sunday Times, 11 July 1999, New row over arms to Africa debacle

BBC, 12 July 1999, Leak MP says sorry

The Times, 13 July 1999, Labour MP is suspended for leaking report

BBC, 13 July 1999, Committee chairman apologises for leaks

The Telegraph, 14 July 1999, Report leak traps Labour MP

BBC, 14 July 1999, MP Anderson apologises to House

The Telegraph, 28 July 1999, Cook promotes 'mole' in arms to Africa inquiry

BBC, 29 July 1999, New faces at the Foreign Office

The Telegraph, 7 August 1999, Britain discovers the high price of its role in a country at war

BBC, 10 August 1999, Q&A: Sierra Leone's hostages

The Times, 11 August 1999 (Leader), A land held hostage

January to December 2000

BBC, 6 May 2000, Military experts head to Sierra Leone (with Tim Spicer interview)

The Times, 8 May 2000, Labour's expensive African albatross

The Times, 9 May 2000 (Leader), Somalia revisited

BBC, 11 May 2000, Britain's ties with Sierra Leone

The Sunday Observer, 14 May 2000, Britain's only mission is to protect imperilled humanity

The Telegraph, 15 May 2000, Tories seek inquiry into Cook role in civil war

The Telegraph, 16 May 2000, Analysis: Faraway crisis dear to Whitehall heart

The Sunday Observer, 21 May 2000, Britain may arm civil war fighters

The Telegraph, 22 May 2000, 'Arms to Africa' plan by generals

The Independent, 22 May 2000, Sandline scandal arms shipment reaches forces

The Independent, 3 June 2000, Foreign Office 'victimised' Penfold

The Telegraph, 7 June 2000 (opinion), We kept Freetown free, for heaven's sake

The Sunday Telegraph, 18 June 2000, Airborne adventurer keeps Freetown free

The Times, 23 June 2000, Out of Africa

The Times, 28 August 2000, Cook needs an exit from West African foray

The Telegraph, 28 August 2000 (Leader), Humiliated

ABC TV, 29 August 2000, "Soldiers of Fortune" documentary summary

BBC, 31 August 2000, Britain's role in Sierra Leone

The Independent, 7 September 2000, British officer advised gunship killers

Channel4 News, 7 September 2000, MoD deny mercenary link up

The Times, 13 September 2000 (Commentary), Mercenaries can save Sierra Leone

2001 onwards

BBC, 10 March 2001, Cook accused of misleading MPs

The Sunday Times, 11 March 2001, Cook accused of telling lies to Commons

The Times, 12 March 2001, Cook ‘did not lie’ over arms to Africa

The Telegraph, 12 March 2001, Cook’s future rests on the call that never was

The Telegraph, 12 March 2001, Tories want Cook out over Commons ‘lies’

The Telegraph, 12 March 2001 (Leader), Institutional mendacity

The Guardian, 12 March 2001, Foreign Office denies Cook lied

BBC, 13 March 2001, Q&A: Did Cook mislead over leaked report?

The Sunday Telegraph, 18 March 2001, MPs to probe claim that Cook lied

BBC, 20 March 2001, Cook denies using leaked report

Financial Times, 27 June 2001, 'Ethical' policy tag scrapped by foreign secretary

The Guardian, 11 July 2001, When will UK bite the bullet on gun traffic?

The Guardian, 7 November 2001 (Comment), Blair's good guys in Sierra Leone

BBC News, 8 February 2002 (Newsnight), Penfold speaks out on Sandline and Sierra Leone

BBC News, 8 February 2002 (Newsnight), Transcript of segment with Peter Penfold

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